Local Rules - Marine Reserve

 

APPENDIX 3. LOCAL RULES

Regulations pertaining to the PPMR will be compiled and will include codes of conduct for staff, operators, visitors and local communities. Below are suggestions regarding local rules for visitors.


ACTIVITIES WITHIN THE PPMR ZONES

The permissible and non-permissible activities and uses within the PPMR zones are set out in the Table below:

Table: Permissible and Non-permissible Activities and Uses Zone - see map for more details

RULES FOR MANAGEMENT AREAS

Milibangalala, Dobela and Chemucane Management Areas


Marine resource users within communities must be registered. Those registered are not required to be in possession of angling licenses

These users must comply with limits determined by the management authority with regards to the collection of bait and food organisms within the intertidal zone.


Launch Areas

Launch sites must be clearly demarcated with beach flags

Each launch site requires a signboard display, showing the launch area and the swimming and surfing areas

No swimming is permitted in the launch area. Removal, moving, possessing, damaging or interfering with a demarcation buoy or sign in the PPMR

No launching or use of jet-skis also called personal watercraft, other than those that have been converted and used for fishing with the PPMR

No anchoring may take place except in cases of emergency - anchoring is allowed only in the bay at certain designated areas (e.g. Cabo de Santa Maria)

All vessels that deploy divers must display an Alpha flag.


Swimming and Surfing Areas

Sites must be clearly demarcated with beach flags

Signboards must be displayed, showing the swimming and surfing areas

No launching is permitted within the swimming and surfing areas.


Scuba Areas

No person may SCUBA dive or attempt to SCUBA dive in the PPMR except on the authority of a Recreational SCUBA diving permit

No person may operate or attempt to operate a SCUBA diving business within the PPMR except on the authority of a SCUBA diving business permit

The following limits are set for SCUBA businesses:

~ Ponta do Ouro: Six (8)

~ Ponta Malongane: Two (2)

~ Ponta Mamoli: One (1)

~ Ponta Techobanine: Two (2)


APPENDICES [62] PONTA DO OURO PARTIAL MARINE RESERVE - Management Plan


~ Ponta Dobela: One (1)

~ Ponta Milibangalala: One (1)

~ Ponta Chemucane: One (1)

~ Ponta Mucombu: One (1)

~ Ponta Abril: One (1)

~ Ponta Santa Maria: One (1)

~ Inhaca Island: Two (2)


The following must be included as standard conditions on SCUBA Diving Business Operators permits:


~ The permit holder must submit to management authority the previous month‟s data on the “Monthly Data Return Sheet” by the 7th day of the subsequent month

The following must be included as standard conditions on all SCUBA Diving Permits (Recreational and SCUBA Diving Business Operators):

~ The permit holder must operate in accordance with the local rules of the PPMR

~ The permit holder must not conduct fish feeding, chumming or dump any material, or discharge any attractants in the PPMR

~ The permit holder must not use cages for the purposes of cage diving in the PPMR

~ The permit holder must not use or possess any electro/acoustic-discharging devices in the PPMR

~ The permit holder must not use or possess a Diver Propulsion Vehicle in the PPMR

~ The permit holder must not remove or attempt to remove any historical artifact

~ The permit holder must ensure that there is no fishing gear or spear guns on dive vessels.


Dolphin, Whale Shark and Whale Watching Areas


No person will chase, herd, catch, kill, harass, feed or disturb marine mammals at any time

Unless authorised, vessels are not to approach marine mammals within 300m

The following limits are set for this activity for the relevant areas - the number behind each place name indicates the max number of registered operators:

~ Ponta do Ouro: Two (2)

~ Ponta Malongane: One (1)

~ Machangulo: One (1)

~ Inhaca Island: One (1)

~ Ponta Techobanine One (1).


RULES FOR ACTIVITIES DIVING


General


  1. 1.Divers must adhere to training standards and guidelines developed by recognised national certifying organisations and under no circumstances are they to dive beyond their qualification

  2. 2.Trainee‟s first dives must be conducted over sand until buoyancy control has been mastered

  3. 3.All Recreational dive groups and SCUBA diving business groups must tow a visible surface buoy

  4. 4.Do not touch the reef areas - this causes breakages and infection of damaged areas due to the transmission of toxins and disease from one coral to another

  5. 5.Divers are discouraged from wearing gloves - this prevents holding onto the reef. Holding onto the reef in a current or surge is particularly damaging and gloves can be a major vector of toxins and diseases between species

  6. 6.Reef damage by diver‟s fins is frequently caused by either kicking the reef or kicking up sand that can cover the reef. If you have not dived in a while, your skills may need sharpening. Before heading to the reefs, spend some bottom time familiarising yourself with buoyancy and other techniques again

  7. 7.Underwater photographers should exercise extreme caution when taking close-ups - no hanging on to marine life and no placement of equipment on the substrate

  8. 8.Be careful with buoy lines when going into caves next to large corals

  9. 9.Do not harass fish, especially territorial ones that expend a lot of energy trying to fend you off


APPENDICES [63] PONTA DO OURO PARTIAL MARINE RESERVE


Management Plan


  1. 1.Do not collect souvenirs (dead or alive). Everybody must have the opportunity to see an untouched environment

  2. 2.Report environmental disturbances or destruction of your dive sites to the PPMR Manager

  3. 3.Never surround an animal/s. There should always be an area for the animal/s to move away from you

  4. 4.Never touch marine animals. Do not hold onto turtles/seals as they can drown easily

  5. 5.Standard permit conditions for Recreational SCUBA Divers and SCUBA Dive Business Operators will state, “The permit holder must not conduct fish feeding, chumming or dump any material, or discharge attractants in the PPMR”

  6. 6.Do not interfere with scientific equipment or markers.


Diving Vessels


  1. 1.Skippers should familiarise themselves with the local conditions and rules before launching, and ensure compliance

  2. 2.A top man must be present at all times on the dive vessel and must be a registered skipper

  3. 3.Vessels must fly an Alpha flag if there are divers in the water

  4. 4.Each dive vessel must remain within 50m of its surface marker

  5. 5.A person in control of a vessel must not bring a boat closer than 30m to a dive vessel displaying an alpha flag

  6. 6.No anchoring may take place on the ocean side within the PPMR except in cases of emergency – anchoring is allowed only in the bay at certain designated areas (e.g. Cabo de Santa Maria).


Diving with Sharks


  1. 1.Divers should not enter recesses, caves, gullies, caverns, sandy patches or overhangs where sharks are likely to be resting

  2. 2.No skills exercises (specifically stationary Open Water Skills and Navigation skills) are to be performed in aggregation sites

  3. 3.A maximum of five groups should be in an aggregation site at a time

  4. 4.Avoid descending on top of the sharks

  5. 5.Relax and remain out of the shark‟s own space or COMFORT ZONE (do not approach closer than 3m to a shark)

  6. 6.Sharks have right of way

  7. 7.Avoid approaching a shark head on (at an angle less than 45 degrees) as the shark feels threatened

  8. 8.In a current, pass over the top of, or around, a group of resting sharks

  9. 9.Do not block the sharks‟ exits or wedge the sharks against the reef

  10. 10.Do not TOUCH, CHASE or HOLDN-ON to sharks

  11. 11.Do not shine bright lights in the shark‟s eyes. Be aware that a strobe light from cameras can startle a shark. Strobe lights for photography should not be used at a distance of less than 5m from the shark. Divers should be considerate to both sharks and fellow divers and not chase off sharks as strobes do seem to affect the shark

  12. 12.The sharks are often inquisitive. Should a shark approach, keep still, maintain buoyancy and breathe slowly, as a sudden exhalation will disturb a naturally inquisitive shark.


Marine Mammal Watching


  1. 1.No person will chase, herd, catch, kill, harass, feed or disturb marine mammals at any time. Keep a slow, steady speed without changing course. If your vessel is approached by marine mammals to bow ride, refrain from altering course to approach them. Always approach from the side, never from directly behind or from front. Minimize noise disturbance by maintaining a slow, steady speed. Do not approach dolphins/whales with small power craft i.e. jet skis

  2. 2.Marine mammals have right of way

  3. 3.Unless authorised, vessels are not to approach marine mammals within 300m

  4. 4.Refrain from interference if signs of disturbance are apparent (change of directional swimming, fast „escape‟ swimming or extended dive times, erratic directional surfacing)

  5. 5.Avoid mother and calf units. Do not enter into the water with newborns/calves


APPENDICES [64] PONTA DO OURO PARTIAL MARINE RESERVE


Management Plan


  1. 1.Only enter into the water with qualified and authorised personnel

  2. 2.Keep noise levels to a minimum. No shouting or loud whistling

  3. 3.A 20-minute viewing time is to be followed. If marine mammals move off within this time, they must be left alone

  4. 4.Dolphins may not be pursued for capture or attempted to be caught.


FISHING


  1. 1.No „vertical jigging‟ from or the possession of „vertical jigs‟ on vessels is allowed within the PPMR in order to:

~ Prevent the capture and death of large numbers of deepwater reef fish as a result of a high ration of bottom fish by-catch

~ Prevent the capture of coelacanth and other rare/endangered species by recreational anglers

~ Protect deepwater reef fish communities from disturbances and new exploitation

  1. 2.No fishing line may be discarded

  2. 3.Fish that are not required for food purposes should be returned to the water. Release these fish carefully

  3. 4.Promote catch and release. The use of barbless hook and circle hooks will ensure that fish can be released without too much damage to reduce fish mortalities

  4. 5.IIP line fish catch cards should be completed for all trips, even if no fish were caught

  5. 6.Bottom fishing is not allowed within the area. Anglers should therefore not be in possession of bottom fishing tackle on their boats while fishing within the PPMR.


OTHER


No person may operate or attempt to operate a tourist programme in the PPMR except on the authority of a tourist programme permit issued by the management committee

No person may use aircraft or attempt to use aircraft in the PPMR except on the authority of a permit to use aircraft within the PPMR

No person may camp or attempt to camp in the PPMR, other than at designated campsites

No person may attempt to light a fire in the PPMR.

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